The history of Ambea is, above all, the history of each of our separate operations. The oldest started at the beginning of the 20th century – in other words over 100 years ago.
Here, ideas about health and social care have emerged that have contributed to the development of the Swedish social care system. Over the years, knowledge, research and innovations have led to changes in the way people’s human rights are viewed and the kind of support society should offer. This is how the Swedish Welfare State grew and developed. We are proud of the fact that our operations have been and still are an important part of this development.
Saltsjöbadens Sanatorium och Badanstalt (Saltsjöbaden Sanatorium and Spa) is built. In 1953, this becomes the Saltsjöbaden Hospital, which is where a Vardaga residential home for the elderly is housed today.
Maria Karlsson sets up a home for ‘mentally feeble children’ called Majgården in Gnesta, which eventually becomes part of Solhagagruppen and later Nytida. Today, this home is called Fjällgatan Omsorger.
The Swedish parliament decides to introduce the world’s first universal public pension system, which covers more or less the entire population. Pensionable age is set at 67. In 1960, the ATP state supplementary pension system is introduced. In 1999, a decision is made to reform the pension system.
The Care of the Poor Act reforms social care. Poorhouses become residential homes for the elderly and a municipal obligation. The Care of the Poor Act is replaced by the Social Security Act in 1956, which in turn is replaced by the Social Services Act (SoL), in 1982.
Sweden introduces universal suffrage. But those with mental disorders are exempt.
Bergshyddan, which today is Taberg and part of Nytida starts offering residential care.
Berglunda care home is granted permission to start looking after people with mental disabilities. Today, it is part of Nytida..
Solhaga, a care home for adults with disabilities, starts operations in Lödöse. Today it is part of Nytida.
The word ‘dementia’ was used for the first time in Sweden. It comes from the Latin de = a prefix meaning without and mens = mind.
Leo Kanner, an Austrian-American child psychiatrist, writes an article describing children with what he calls autistic disturbances in their emotional development, or early infantile autism. The word comes from the Greek word autos, which means self.
A year later, Austrian paediatrician Hans Asperger publishes an article on a group of children and young people, predominantly boys, with abnormal patterns of behaviour. However, it is another 40 years before the term Asperger’s Syndrome becomes widely recognised.
It becomes compulsory for children with developmental difficulties deemed ‘educable’ to attend school. In 1962 school attendance for handicapped children becomes compulsory and in 1968 school attendance for all children with learning difficulties also becomes compulsory.
Trehörna Omsorger – today part of Nytida – is established.
A day centre is started in Vallentuna with the aim of creating real jobs. In 1980, it gets the patent for the Lusen game, which is still made and sold. Today the centre is part of Nytida.
Statens handikappråd (State Council for the Disabled) is established as the first government agency to be responsible for matters to do with disabilities.
Provisions governing accessibility are introduced with requirements for public places to be accessible “to a reasonable extent”. The regulations have since been expanded and tightened. Since 2015, lack of access has been included as a form of discrimination in Sweden’s Discrimination Act.
The former girls’ boarding school Edsby Slott in Upplands Väsby becomes a residential home for the elderly. Today, it is part of Vardaga.
Omsorgslagen (the Care Act) comes into force, and makes county councils responsible for the care of people with developmental disabilities. Those looking after their relatives are given the right to respite care. The Act also gives rights to education and occupational engagement. The Act is revised in 1986.
Skarpnäck Care, which is now part of Nytida, establishes a home for alcoholic men in southern Stockholm.
People with mental and physical disabilities are given the right to marry.
The incapacity clause is removed, giving all citizens over the age of 18 the right to vote.
The independent school reform, which makes it possible for people or organisations other than municipalities to run schools, is implemented. At the same time, free choice is introduced, giving pupils the right to choose their school.
The Ädel reform is implemented. Municipalities are given collective responsibility for long-term health and social care, and assisted living for the elderly and the disabled. This meant that they took on a number of tasks that were previously the responsibility of county councils. The municipalities also become responsible for establishing special residential facilities for assisted living and social care for people in need of special support.
Private residential care home for the elderly, Agaten, opens in Gothenburg. The first residents move in during November. Today, this is part of Vardaga.
LSS, the Act Concerning Support and Service for Persons with Certain Functional Impairments comes into force on January 1.
Sweden’s first staffing agency hiring out doctors starts operations. In 2000, the company becomes Rent-A-Doctor, the first staffing agency within Ambea, to be subsequently expanded the following year with Rent-A-Nurse, CareTeam and Rent-A-Socionom (social worker).
The Psyk-Ädel psychiatry reform comes into force with the aim of improving the situation of people with intellectual disabilities in the community through measures such as stimulating the building of residential care homes and developing day centres offering occupational engagement. The big mental hospitals are closed down.
Nordvård, which later becomes Carema Vård och Omsorg AB (Carema Care), starts operations. The year after, Orkidén AB is acquired, becoming the foundation of Nytida.
The first antidiscrimination legislation to cover disabilities comes into force, regulating rights in working life.
–The first VIP school (a school for the educational development of those on the autism spectrum) is established in Ulriksdal, Solna. Järva VIP is now located in Sollentuna and has been part of Nytida since 2005.
The development of the Ambea Qualimax quality management system begins.
Name change to Ambea AB.
3i sells Ambea to investment companies Triton Partners and KKR.
Care dog Othello starts his duties with Vardaga.
Koppargården in Vällingby outside Stockholm is highlighted in what comes to be called the Carema affair.
Medical care operations are sold to Capio and the year after our own home help service is wound up.
Nytida and Vardaga form two new divisions of Ambea
The Dementia Academy (Demensakademin) is formed within Vardaga.
The final report of the Östersund Study is published, which compared a municipal residential care home for the elderly with Skogsbruksvägen residential care home for the elderly operated by Vardaga.
Nytida acquires Davsjö Vård, Ungstöd and Kängurun, which form the basis of a new area of operations in Individual and Family – children and adolescents.
Nytida merges with Solhagagruppen, making it the country’s leading provider of support to people with physical disabilities and psychosocial problems. Nytida now has around 375 units throughout Sweden. The acquisition also included Heimta in Norway, meaning Ambea has also become part of the Norwegian market.
All training and skills development operations are brought together under the umbrella of a new organisation called Lära. Lära offers skills development through training and supervision in LSS, SoL, elderly care and teaching.
Ambea is listed on Nasdaq Stockholm on March 31.